ERIC Number: ED447706
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
A Two-Way Bilingual Program: Promise, Practice, and Precautions.
Calderon, Margarita; Carreon, Argelia
In spite of political pressure, bilingualism is emerging as a strategy for improving the academic achievement of all students. Two-way bilingual or dual-language programs integrate language-minority and language-majority students for instruction in two languages. Site-based decision making has enabled schools in cities that border with Mexico to implement two-way bilingual programs in which minority and majority students can become bilingual, biliterate, and bicultural. Complex instruction for the binational context requires that teachers combine a profound knowledge of subject matter with a wide repertoire of teaching strategies, states of the art knowledge about learning theory, cognition, pedagogy, curriculum, technology, and assessment. The education of language minority students is dependent on the degree to which these children have access to instruction that is challenging yet comprehensible. This report focuses on one effort to implement comprehensive, two-way bilingual programs in four schools. The goals of this project included the following: (1) to document the design, implementation, and program adjustments of the two-way bilingual program; (2) to analyze teacher performance and professional development in the context of implementing complex change; (3) to identify the pedagogical variables that facilitate or impede learning through two languages simultaneously; (4) to identify the most promising program features and the school structures for program implementation, and the role of the principal within these. The report accomplishes this in four successive sections, followed by a fifth summary section discussing implications and recommendations. (Contains 133 references.) (KFT)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Classroom Techniques, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Language Minorities, Multicultural Education, Politics of Education, Professional Development, Program Evaluation, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Spanish Speaking, Student Evaluation, Teacher Education, Two Way Immersion Programs
For full text: http://: www.csos.jhu.edu.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At Risk, Baltimore, MD.
Identifiers - Location: Mexico
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Proposition 227 (California 1998)