ERIC Number: ED447359
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Sep-11
Distance Education at Arm's Length: Outsourcing of Distance Education Marking.
Smith, Erica; Coombe, Kennece
Two research projects focused on use of casual markers (graders) for correcting and grading distance education (DE) students' work. A Charles Sturt University project convened focus groups of DE students, casual DE markers, and lecturers who "managed" markers to uncover concerns. University of South Australia research focused on pedagogical issues relating to DE marking, comparing approaches of permanent lecturing staff with sessional DE markers. It interviewed eight DE markers, permanent and sessional. Sessional markers were found not to be one-dimensional," but a diverse group of people who ranged from novice to highly expert; working in a field related or unrelated to the one in which they are marking; and studying at the university or with no other employment. Most sessional markers believed they were to some extent "short-changing" students; focused more on teaching and learning issues and less upon assessment; and were unsure of university policy on assessment. Permanent staff were concerned about the university's turnaround time and focused on being able to "defend marking decisions." These potential quality problems were identified: recruitment of markers outside proper employment procedures; markers with little knowledge of the content; and unsupervised markers with very little induction who often invented their own marking criteria. (Contains 34 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Developed Nations, Distance Education, Educational Research, Evaluators, Focus Groups, Foreign Countries, Full Time Faculty, Grades (Scholastic), Grading, Higher Education, Interrater Reliability, Part Time Faculty, Scores, Scoring, Student Evaluation, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Student Relationship
For full text: http://www.com.unisa.edu.au/cccc/papers/refereed/paper46/Paper46-1.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the conference, "Distance Education: An Open Question?" (September 11-13, 2000, Adelaide, Australia).