ERIC Number: ED446719
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Oct
The Effect of Institutional Culture on Change Strategies in Higher Education: Universal Principles or Culturally Responsive Concepts?
Kezar, Adrianna; Eckel, Peter
This study examined the impact of institutional culture on the change process within colleges and universities. It used an ethnographic approach and two tiered cultural frameworks to investigate comprehensive change at six institutions. The conceptual frameworks of culture used were Berquist's theory of institutional archetypes of culture and Tierney's theory of unique institutional cultures. The six institutions in the study included one research university, three doctoral-granting universities, a liberal arts college, and a community college. Data were collected on a semesterly basis by participant-observers at each institution and by outsider researchers. Data analysis involved theme analysis of institutional change strategies, development of institutional culture profiles based on both Berquist and Tierney frameworks, and analysis of whether institutional culture patterns could be identified in the change strategies. The report focuses on three of the six institutions describing change initiatives at each institution, their cultures, and discussion of how each culture affected institutional change strategies. Results support the value of exploring change strategies through a cultural approach, the usefulness of Berquist's four cultural archetypes, and the need to consider the unique nature of each institution's culture. Results suggest the need for campuses to conduct audits of their institutional culture before engaging in the change process. (Contains 34 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Cultural Influences, Diversity (Institutional), Ethnography, Higher Education, Institutional Environment, Institutional Research, Models, Organizational Climate, Power Structure, Qualitative Research
ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, One Dupont Circle, Suite 630, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-956-7739 (Toll Free).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.; George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Graduate School of Education and Human Development.
Note: For a related document, see HE 033 575.