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ERIC Number: ED446717
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Nov-16
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Assessing the Racial Awareness of Majority Group Member Students at East Tennessee State University and the Factors Related to Racial Awareness.
Terrell, Lavern; West, Russell
This study examined the racial attitudes of 395 White students in 24 undergraduate classes at East Tennessee State University. The Oklahoma Racial Attitudes Scale (ORAS) was administered as well as a demographic questionnaire. The ORAS is based upon the construct that White racial awareness is characterized by four categories of ethnic identity as defined by the presence, absence, or consideration of two variables: exploration of one's ethnicity and commitment to one's ethnic group. Achieved White racial consciousness may include four types of attitude clusters from dominative to integrative. Unachieved racial attitudes are those avoidant, dependent, or dissonant attitudes that are not securely integrated into the individual's belief system. Results indicated a wide range of racial awareness attitudes with most students having an "Achieved" level of racial awareness. The largest number of students in the "Achieved" racial awareness category expressed reactive attitudes (believing White society wrongly benefits from and promotes discriminatory practices). However, 17 percent expressed dominative attitudes (believing Whites to be superior to other groups). Higher levels of family income were related to development of conflictive or dominative attitudes. Minority composition of the high school was not related to racial awareness attitudes. (Contains 15 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A