ERIC Number: ED446600
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Collaborative Research on Scientific Production.
Godin, Benoit; Gingras, Yves
Research File, v3 n3 Jun 1999
The extent to which collaborative research, conducted in partnerships between universities and the business sector, influences the nature of scientific production and the level of international scientific collaboration is examined. The more specific question of whether collaborative research reduces the number of scientific publications in general and those arising from international collaboration is also explored. The data used were compiled from the Canadian bibliometric database produced by the Observatoire des sciences et des technologies with funding from Statistics Canada. Publications were coded and analyzed for the years 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995. Total scientific production of researchers increased by 80% between 1980 and 1995, and the share of scientific production that grew from intersectoral collaborations increased by 155%, although this rate of increase had begun to subside from 50% in the early 1980s to 27% in the early 1990s. Almost one-third of the scientific production of universities is produced in collaboration with foreign partners. Collaborative research does not appear to have a negative impact on the production of researchers. Intersectoral collaboration does tend to produce research that is more applied than that which is undertaken solely with university colleagues, and intersectoral partnerships do tend to affect slightly the level of international collaboration of university researchers. However, the average impact of intersectoral collaborative research is not significantly different from that of university research, suggesting that collaborative research is not incompatible with quality. (SLD)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).