ERIC Number: ED446596
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-May
Housing on College Campuses: Self-Segregation, Integration, and Other Alternatives. A Communitarian Report.
This report discusses policies that guide housing for students on college and university campuses in matters that concern relations among status groups based on ethnic, religious, racial, and sexual backgrounds and orientations. The issue of self-segregation has emerged as a crucial one to many colleges as enrollment of minorities has increased. Although self-segregation does not start or stop at the door of the college residence hall, housing arrangements play a significant role in promoting or deterring interaction, dialogue, and friendship. There are several views of how a university can best foster a pluralistic campus. The first approach, the Integration Model, stresses the importance of interaction between people of different races, religions, ethnicities, and creeds. The second approach, the Multicultural Model, emphasizes a plurality of cultures and values, as well as the importance of recognizing diversity. The third approach acknowledges the merits of both the integration and multicultural models, but this model, the Diversity within Unity Model, strives for a society of layered loyalties in which people have allegiance to their particular subgroups and to the greater society in which they live. Some examples of each of these models in practice illustrate strengths and shortcomings of each. The integration model appears to be too confining in practice, and the multicultural model seems to be too polarizing. Integrating housing at universities where there is a demand for self-segregated residence halls can be expected to exacerbate tensions without curtailing separatism. The diversity within unity model appears most likely to preserve cultural identities while fostering better intergroup relations. (Contains 44 endnotes.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.
Authoring Institution: Communitarian Network Washington, DC.