ERIC Number: ED446592
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The SAT[R] I and High School Grades: Utility in Predicting Success in College. Research Notes.
Camara, Wayne J.; Echternacht, Gary
For more than 70 years researchers have studied the validity of the Scholastic Assessment Test I (SAT I) and its predecessor, the Scholastic Aptitude Test, through hundreds of validity studies conducted at various colleges using the SAT in their admission process. The majority of these studies use high school records and SAT scores as predictors and freshman grade point average as the criterion representing success in college. Validity studies have consistently found that high school grades and SAT scores together are substantial and significant predictors of achievement in college. In these studies, although high school grades are typically slightly better predictors of achievement, SAT scores add significantly to the prediction. These findings tend to hold for all subgroups of students and for all types of measures of academic achievement: freshman grades, course grades, cumulative grades, and measures of persistence. Because persistence in college is influenced substantially by nonacademic factors, the validity coefficients for predicting persistence are slightly lower than for predicting specific academic criteria. For predicting nonacadmeic criteria and nonacadmeic criteria after college, high school grades and SAT scores are not good predictors. (Contains 1 figure, 6 tables, and 19 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Entrance Examinations, College Freshmen, Grade Point Average, High School Students, High Schools, Higher Education, Prediction, Scores, Test Results, Validity
The College Board, 45 Columbus Avenue, New York, NY 10023-6992. E-mail: email@example.com; Web site: www.collegeboard.com.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.
IES Cited: ED565641