ERIC Number: ED446539
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
What Do We Know about Students' Learning and How Do We Know It?
Cross, K. Patricia
This paper suggests that students and their learning should become the focus of everything that college faculty do, examining what is currently known about student learning and where this knowledge comes from. Two large volumes have been published on what is known about student learning in college. A distillation of what is known can be extracted from research on: seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education; three critical conditions for excellence; and nine strategies for improving student learning. The seven principles of good practice emphasize: student-faculty contact; student cooperation; active learning; prompt feedback; time on task; high expectations; and respect for diverse talents and ways of knowing. In order to know how students learn, it is essential to find out what makes them tick. Research should become the working partner of both personal experience with learning and focused conversations about learning with colleagues. Faculty must know what to look for (through research), observe themselves participating in lifelong learning (self-reflection), and be much more aware of students' learning. A powerful advantage of using research findings to start conversations about learning is that it is a way to involve faculty and administrators actively in learning. (Contains 18 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Higher Education (1998).