ERIC Number: ED446429
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Is the EFL Environment a Language Learning Environment?
Mayo, Maria del Pilar Garcia; Pica, Teresa
Working Papers in Educational Linguistics, v16 n1 p1-24 Spr 2000
The question of whether the English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) classroom is an environment that promotes input, feedback, and the production of output that is necessary for successful second language learning is addressed. Such questions have arisen within the context of a growing emphasis on communicative activities and student-to-student interaction in the EFL classroom and concerns about the limited access to input and feedback from native speaker (NS) teachers and to native speakers outside the classroom. In order to address these concerns, the interactions of seven dyads of EFL learners were compared with that of seven dyads of English native speakers on two communication tasks. Results of the comparisons revealed that learner-learner dyads were not significantly different from learner-NS dyads with respect to their contributions of input, feedback, and output as they participated in the common communication tasks. Results of the study thus supported the EFL environment as a learning environment; however, linguistic inaccuracies on the learners' parts suggested that in addition to communicative activities, more targeted, grammar-oriented approaches may also be in order. Six tables and 39 references are included. (Author/KFT)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Classroom Observation Techniques, Communicative Competence (Languages), Discourse Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Feedback, Grammar, Interaction Process Analysis, Interpersonal Communication, Interviews, Linguistic Input, Native Speakers, Paralinguistics, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Syntax
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Funded by the Universidad del Pais Vasco (Vicerrectorado de Investigacion), grant #103.130-HA87/97.