ERIC Number: ED446314
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Aug-7
Reference Count: N/A
Environmental Focus in a Large National Sample of Schools.
Gottfredson, Gary D.
This paper reviews research stimulated by Holland's (1997) theory of vocational personalities and work environments. It describes new research extending an examination of one part of the theory, environmental identity, to a large sample of school environments. The Organizational Focus Scale (G.D. Gottfredson and Holland, 1996b) was administrated to teachers in a large sample of schools. Intraclass correlations were examined resulting in a 16-item scale. Other school characteristics were measured including: measures of classroom orderliness; measures of school safety; and reports of principals about rates of crime reported to police. The scale was found to have remarkably high correlations with school morale and quality of administrator leadership. Despite limitations, this first study reporting on the application of the Organizational Focus Scale to implement the environmental identity construct produced promising results. Organizational focus was significantly and substantially correlated with a range of salutary organizational outcomes based on the reports of both students and teachers. The correlations with the Morale Scale can be taken as a general measure of organizational health. Appendix A is "Organizational Focus Questionnaire." (Contains 3 tables and 21 references.) (Author/JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.; Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Authoring Institution: N/A