ERIC Number: ED446253
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Public Policy in Skills Development of Black Workers in the 21st Century. Upjohn Institute Staff Working Paper.
Bartik, Timothy J.; Hollenbeck, Kevin
This paper discusses the role of public policy in the skills development system of the United States. It further examines the implications of that policy for the skill development and career progression of black workers. The paper describes the current "system" for skills development as a two-tiered system composed of (1) the "first chance" or conventional system, which allows individuals to proceed through an extensive public elementary, secondary, and postsecondary educational sector supplemented by private educational institutions and is followed by employer-provided job training and work experience, and (2) the "second chance" system for individuals who do not successfully transverse the first chance system, which includes public job training programs, public assistance, rehabilitation programs for offenders, and educational remediation. The paper considers the rationale for public policy intervention in the skills development process and then reviews public policy at the federal, state, and local levels that fosters skills development. Next, the paper reviews recent policy demonstrations in the area of skills development. The review of the evaluative evidence leads to several general "best practice" principles about content, delivery mechanisms, and administrative characteristics. The last section reviews how well federal Workforce Investment Act programs are likely to fare against the best practices criteria. (Contains 25 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Blacks, Career Development, Career Ladders, Demonstration Programs, Employment Opportunities, Equal Education, Federal Government, Federal Programs, Government School Relationship, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Local Government, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Public Policy, Secondary Education, Skill Development, State Government, Vocational Education
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007, Tel: 616-343-4330, Fax: 616-343-7310, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Web site: http://www.upjohninst.org ($3). For full text: http://www.upjohninst.org/publications/wp/00-65.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Workforce Investment Act 1998