ERIC Number: ED446208
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Poverty in the United States, 1999. Current Population Reports.
Dalaker, Joseph; Proctor, Bernadette D.
This report illustrates how poverty rates in the United States vary by selected characteristics: age, race and Hispanic origin, nativity, family composition, work experience, and geography. The estimates in the report are based on interviews with population samples. The Current Population Survey each March interviews approximately 50,000 households across the United States. Findings indicate that the poverty rate dropped from 12.7% in 1998 to 11.8% in 1999, the lowest rate since 1979. The poverty rate for people under age 18 dropped from 18.9% in 1998 to 16.9% in 1999, also the lowest rate since 1979. Poverty rates and the number of poor declined for every racial and ethnic group. Poverty rates have fallen below or equaled the lowest rate ever recorded for each group except whites. Four-fifths of the net decline in the number of poor occurred in central cities within metropolitan areas, where only 29 percent of all people, and 41 percent of the poor lived. In seven states and the District of Columbia the poverty rate declined significantly. Using different methods to measure poverty, however, changes the perception of who is poor. Four experimental measures show standardized poverty rates to be lower for children and people in female householder families, and higher for the elderly and people in married-couple families than under the official poverty measure. Three appendixes discuss technical aspects of the surveys and estimates. (Contains 23 tables and 6 figures.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Census Figures, Demography, Disadvantaged Youth, Ethnicity, Income, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Racial Differences, Surveys, Urban Problems, Urban Youth
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. For full text: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of the Census (DOC), Suitland, MD.