ERIC Number: ED446029
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Women in Intercollegiate Sport. A Longitudinal Study--Twenty Three Year Update, 1977-2000.
Acosta, R. Vivian; Carpenter, Linda Jean
This report presents data from a longitudinal study of women in intercollegiate sports, highlighting: participation opportunities for female athletes and the status of women as head coaches, assistant coaches, administrators, sports information directors, and athletic trainers. The average number of teams for women offered per school is at an all-time high of 8.14 (in 1978, following implementation of Title IX, the number was 5.61). Soccer exhibits the greatest growth of any sport. The same five sports remain the most popular (basketball, volleyball, tennis, cross country, and softball). The representation of females as head coaches of women's teams is the lowest in history (45.6 percent). When Title IX was enacted in 1972, over 90 percent of women's teams were coached by women. Women hold 58.1 percent of the 7,751 paid assistant coaching jobs within women's NCAA intercollegiate athletic programs. A total of 17.8 percent of women's programs are directed by females, a decrease from 1998, and 23 percent of women's athletic programs have no females in the athletic administrative structure. A total of 856 institutions have full-time sports information directors (up from 1998), and 899 institutions have full-time head athletic trainers (also up from 1998). (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Smith Coll., Northampton, MA.; City Univ. of New York, Brooklyn, NY. Brooklyn Coll.
Authoring Institution: N/A