ERIC Number: ED445847
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Aug
Why Rural Matters: The Need for Every State To Take Action on Rural Education.
Beeson, Elizabeth; Strange, Marty
This study describes the importance of rural education in each of the 50 states, and suggests the urgency with which state policymakers should address the needs of rural schools and communities. The study compared states on two gauges of concern for their rural schools and communities. The rural importance gauge examines how important it is to the overall educational performance of each state to explicitly address the particular needs of its rural schools. Eight indicators of the scale, proportion, and challenge of rural education in the state are considered. The rural urgency gauge examines how urgent it is in each state that policymakers develop explicit rural education policies, given conditions in the state's rural schools and communities. Eleven indicators are used to quantify the need for concern, some of which compare the state's rural and nonrural schools. States were ranked and placed into quartiles along a spectrum ranging from "useful" to "crucial" on the importance gauge, and from "fair" to "urgent" on the urgency gauge. Results identify Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Montana, Oklahoma, and West Virginia as the top 10 states where rural education is important and needs are urgent. While the rankings are useful in identifying states where rural education is paramount to good schooling, they also identify states where rural communities' educational needs may be lost in the political shuffle of state politics. Results are presented for each state in data tables and figures, and state-by-state comparisons for each indicator are presented in bar graphs. (TD)
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Indicators, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Minority Groups, Poverty, Public Policy, Rural Education, Rural Schools, School Demography, Teacher Salaries, Teacher Student Ratio
Rural School and Community Trust, P.O. Box 68, Randolph, VT 05060; email: firstname.lastname@example.org ($10.00). Report summary, state reports, and data tables at Web site: http://www.ruralchallengepolicy.org/streport.html.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rural School and Community Trust, Randolph, VT.