ERIC Number: ED445549
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Nov
Quality Bilingual Education: Defining Success. LAB Working Paper No. 1.
Brisk, Maria Estela
This paper proposes a comprehensive framework for defining success in bilingual education. Defining success is a difficult and elusive task. Indicators of success are at the center of much controversy, and a review of the research of the last 30 years reveals varying trends in the underlying notion of success. Most studies focus on the ability of bilingual education programs to enhance students' performance in English academic areas, especially language and mathematics. By the late 1980s bilingual education researchers shifted their focus to identify characteristics of effective bilingual programs, as a part of the effective schools movement. This paper shows how research over the years has focused on certain components of the framework and how some recent trends are consistent with this broader definition. Definitions of success are discussed and followed by an overview of the current bilingual education debate--including the English-only movement, two-way immersion models, and traditional English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) models. Studies of "Effective Bilingual Education" are discussed as well as studies that seek to put positive outcomes in context. It is concluded that there are two types of research--one type that that aims at judging the effectiveness of bilingual education centers by focusing on the language of instruction and models; the other type looks at specific instructional practices in detail. Good practices are likely to promote learning, but they do not guarantee student performance. Four tables and 53 references are included. (KFT)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Elementary Secondary Education, English Only Movement, English (Second Language), Immersion Programs, Politics of Education, Program Evaluation, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning
LAB at Brown University, Education Alliance, 222 Richmond Street, Suite 300, Providence, RI 02903-4226. Tel: 401-274-9548; Fax: 401-421-7650; Web site: http://www.lab.brown.edu.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northeast and Islands Regional Educational Lab. at Brown Univ., Providence, RI.
Note: Presented at the Symposium on Language Policy at Bar Ilam University (Israel, November 1999).