ERIC Number: ED445471
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Somatic Symptoms in Children from Three Ethnic Groups.
Canino, Glorisa; Gonzalez, Gloria; Ramirez, Rafael
A study compared the rates of somatic symptoms associated with anxiety disorder in African Americans, Hispanics residing in Puerto Rico, and European American children. A total of 1,285 children were interviewed, along with their primary caretakers. Headaches were the most frequently endorsed somatic symptom, with half of the total sample endorsing this symptom, followed by gastrointestinal disturbances, palpitations and tachycardia, as well as pain and/or general malaise. No differences were found by ethnic group regarding the rank ordering of the symptoms. After controlling for family income, presence of anxiety disorder, age, and gender, the total amount of somatic symptoms was found to be significantly less prevalent among Hispanics as compared to the mainland comparison group. The Hispanic group also had a significantly lower prevalence of birth complications/defects, adverse life events, and parental psychopathology compared to the European American group. This difference was particularly dramatic in the case of parental psychopathology, in which the Hispanic group reported a much lower prevalence in comparison to the mainland group. In contrast, the Hispanic group reported increased prevalence of teen motherhood and difficulty with friends. Overall, parental psychopathology, adverse life events, and poor family functioning were significantly associated with higher somatic symptoms. (CR)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Blacks, Children, Emotional Disturbances, Family Influence, Family Relationship, Incidence, Interviews, Minority Group Children, Parents with Disabilities, Predictor Variables, Puerto Ricans, Racial Differences, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
For full text: http://www.fmhi.usf.edu/institute/pubs/bysubject.html.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Mental Health Services.; National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: University of South Florida, Tampa. Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Inst.; University of South Florida, Tampa. Research and Training Center for Children's Mental Health.
Note: In: The Annual Research Conference Proceedings, A System of Care for Children's Mental Health: Expanding the Research Base (12th, Tampa, FL, February 21-24, 1999).