ERIC Number: ED445228
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Vocational Education and Training as a Tool To Ensure Social and Economic Cohesion. National Observatory Country Report. Estonia, 1999.
National Observatory of Estonia, Tallin.
The 1990s have brought about many changes in Estonian society, economy, and social sphere that have necessitated reorganization and development of the vocational education and training (VET) system. A shortage of dialog between private enterprises and vocational education institutions has left schools unable to analyze and meet skill requirements of enterprises. Assistance projects involve social partners who are beginning to understand the important role their cooperation with VET can play in changing the system. The Concept of VET lays down these main principles underlying the VET system: functionality, flexibility, cooperation, integration, quality, availability, consistency, relevance, and result-orientation. The centralized management of VET institutions (the majority of which belong to the state) does not allow for quick adaptation to local needs or assessment of increasing interest in VET among local authorities. Most financing comes from the state budget. Finland, Denmark, and Germany are the biggest bilateral donors in the VET area. Challenges are to reorganize the school network; prepare for accession; reform VET; optimize the national network; improve management and financing; monitor the VET system and its links with the labor market; and implement publicity measures and social partnership. (Appendixes include a list of acronyms, glossary, and 22-item bibliography. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Developing Nations, Educational Administration, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational Finance, Educational Legislation, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, International Educational Exchange, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Labor Market, National Surveys, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Socioeconomic Influences, Vocational Education
For full text: http://www.etf.eu.int/etfweb.nsf/pages/downloadbycountryfiles/$file/Estonia.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
Authoring Institution: National Observatory of Estonia, Tallin.
Identifiers - Location: Estonia