ERIC Number: ED445078
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Correlation versus Causation: Another Look at a Common Misinterpretation.
The purpose of this paper is to articulate the common confusion of correlation for causation. Various articles that have addressed this issue are reviewed, and possible reasons for the misinterpretation of correlation as causation are presented. The differences between correlational and experimental research designs are reviewed, and the implications of their findings are discussed. Discrimination between these two research designs is also highlighted in view of the abilities of the designs to allow the inference of correlation or causality. The dangers of confusing correlation with causality are discussed, and an example of a linear regression analysis is used to illustrate how correlation can be mistaken for causality. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Educational Research Association (Dallas, TX, January 27-29, 2000).