ERIC Number: ED444986
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Aug-1
Teacher Attrition, Shortage, and Strategies for Teacher Retention.
This paper examines research on teacher shortages, attrition, recruitment, and retention. Teacher attrition is the largest single factor determining demand for additional teachers in the United States. Teachers leave for such reasons as: low salaries; unprepared for the realities of teaching; rigorous certification examinations; lack of career advancement opportunities; low emphasis on professional development; marital status; health-related haphazard hiring and retention practices; and retirement. Many states are experiencing shortages, and shortages occur in many subject areas. Strategies for reducing teacher shortage include: preparing new teachers via formal induction programs; recruiting private school teachers and certified people from the private sector; recruiting online; offering loan forgiveness programs; raising public awareness; training paraprofessionals; awarding conditional scholarships to outstanding candidates; allowing out-of-field teaching; employing retired teachers; and offering day care for teachers' children. Barriers to recruitment and retention include: pay cuts when moving from one district to another; the need for recertification after moving to another state; and low salaries. Suggestions for recruitment and retention include: conducting statewide assessments of teacher supply and demand; establishing K-16 collaboration to match graduates with jobs in high demand areas; developing K-16 partnerships to improve teacher preparation; improving working conditions; upgrading hiring practices; and providing ample time for staff development. (Contains 30 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A