ERIC Number: ED444896
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Arts and Prosocial Impact Study: A Review of Current Programs and Literature.
McArthur, David; Law, Sally Ann
Much informal evidence argues that the arts can contribute significantly to social well-being, enhance community and individual development, and in so doing help reduce crime and violence. The broad goal of this study was to provide evidence to corroborate the informal findings. The paper reports the results of Phase 1 of the project which examined all studies that claim a relationship between arts interventions and positive social outcomes for at-risk youth. Work in Phases 1 and 2 provided a foundation for the important tasks of Phase 3, a rigorous empirical examination of the social benefits of a carefully designed fine arts intervention program. The research plan comprised several steps: a review of current literature on arts interventions, compiled in a database; an examination of the theoretical literature for research that offered insights into why arts interventions succeed; and the development of a conceptual framework applied to the studies in the project database. The framework permitted searching for specific features in arts interventions which were expected to be strongly associated with positive outcomes. The paper explains that the framework was distilled into a coding scheme that could be applied to the studies in the database; coding was applied to over 200 arts/humanities programs for at-risk youth recently described in a comprehensive report. It finds that very few studies reported collecting evaluation data and recommends that arts programs take three approaches to improve evaluation: key demonstrations, evaluation add-ons, and sharing mechanisms. (Contains a figure, 11 tables, and 138 references. Appended is a bibliographic database of arts related literature.) (BT)
Descriptors: Art Education, At Risk Persons, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria, Fine Arts, Intervention, Literature Reviews, Social Development, Social Science Research
Rand Corp., Distribution Services, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138; Tel: 310-451-7002; Fax: 310-451-6915; Web site: http://www.rand.org/publications/.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: AT&T Foundation, New York, NY.; J. Paul Getty Trust, Santa Monica, CA.; California Wellness Foundation.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA. Inst. for Education and Training.
Identifiers - Location: California (Los Angeles)