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ERIC Number: ED444444
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Nov
Pages: 36
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Pursuing Higher Education: Are There Gender Differences in the Factors That Influence Individuals To Pursue Higher Education?
Harris, Sandra McMeans
This study investigated whether gender differences exist in the factors thought to influence a person's desire to pursue higher education. A 152-item multiple choice questionnaire, completed by 346 students enrolled at a large university during 1998, was the source of the data. The independent variable was gender; dependent variables were self-efficacy, locus of control, family support, peer influence, relative functionalism, glass ceiling effect, secondary school support, preparation for college, financial aid concerns, and sister's, mother's, and father's influence. Data was organized in 9 scales and 3 subscales. Reliability estimates for the nine scales and three subscales of the questionnaire ranged from .66 to .90. Data analysis revealed that males and females differed on 8 of 30 demographic variables. Univariate tests revealed significant gender differences on 6 of 12 dependent variables. Females scored significantly higher than males on the self-efficacy, family influence, mother's influence, secondary school support, preparation for college, and peer influence scales. Findings suggest that the factors influencing individuals to pursue higher education may be different for females than for males and support the contention that family has a strong impact on student achievement. (Contains 86 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A