ERIC Number: ED444289
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Providing Services to African Americans Who Are Blind: Views of Experienced White and African American Rehabilitation Counselors.
Giesen, J. Martin; McBroom, Lynn W.; Cavenaugh, Brenda S.; Gooding, Earl; Hicks, James H.
A study investigated similarities and differences in the views of experienced vocational rehabilitation (VR) counselors serving African Americans who are blind or visually impaired. A total of 26 counselors, 11 of whom were African American, reported their views in structured telephone interviews. In general, there were more similarities than differences in counselor views. With some minor exceptions, White and African American counselors had similar views on their skill level, client-counselor interaction, and most useful skills, techniques, resources, and referral sources. There were differences by counselor race regarding help-seeking patterns, job and rehabilitation expectations, effects of adverse personal and socioeconomic factors, and ideal client characteristics. African American counselors increasingly stressed use of family and community resources, and were more likely to look to other professionals in seeking help. African American counselors believed that Black clients had higher job expectations but were less likely to be successfully rehabilitated. In contrast, white counselors believed that black clients had lower expectations and saw no difference in rehabilitation rates. Counselors felt that harnessing client motivation and positive expectations, and employing a family- and community-oriented attitude was the best approach to rehabilitation. The survey is included. (Contains 37 references.) (Author/CR)
Descriptors: Adults, Blacks, Blindness, Caseworker Approach, Counseling Techniques, Counselor Attitudes, Counselors, Disabilities, Interviews, Racial Differences, Racial Factors, Rehabilitation Counseling, Rehabilitation Programs, Surveys, Visual Impairments, Vocational Rehabilitation
MSU-RRTC, P.O. Box 6189, Mississippi State, MS 39762; Tel: 662-325-1363 ($15 for print or alternate media).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State. Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision.