ERIC Number: ED444240
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Class Size Reduction in California: Summary of the 1998-99 Evaluation Findings.
Stecher, Brian M.; Bohrnstedt, George W.
This report discusses the results of the third year--1998-99--of California's Class Size Reduction (CSR) program. Assessments of the program show that CSR was almost fully implemented by 1998-99, with over 92 percent of students in K-3 in classes of 20 or fewer students. Those K-3 classes that had not been reduced in size were concentrated in districts serving high percentages of minority, low-income, or English-learner (EL) students. The average qualifications of California teachers declined for all grade levels, but the declines were worse in elementary schools. Although the qualifications of K-3 teachers continued to decline, it was at a slower rate than in the past. Declines in teacher qualifications were mirrored in grades 4 and 5. Curriculum and instruction were mostly similar regardless of class size, though teachers in reduced-size classes spent more time working individually with students during mathematics and language arts lessons than did their counterparts in nonreduced-size classes. Student achievement did improve in the reduced-size classes, and these positive gains were evident with all students, regardless of their backgrounds. These positive effects continued in grade 4 and regular-size classes. Finally, programs serving EL students and special-education students were affected by the transfer of teachers from these areas into regular classes. (RJM)
Descriptors: Class Size, Educational Strategies, Elementary Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Teacher Student Ratio, Teaching Methods
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California State Dept. of Education, Los Angeles.; Walter and Elise Haas Fund, San Francisco, CA.; William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, Palo Alto, CA.; Walter S. Johnson Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; San Francisco Foundation, CA.; Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: CSR Research Consortium.
Identifiers - Location: California