ERIC Number: ED444157
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-May
Reference Count: N/A
An Approach to Factual Writing: An Invited Article.
Wray, David; Lewis, Maureen
This article suggests one way of categorizing types of factual writing and introduces a teaching strategy for developing students' awareness of structural and language features of many factual genres. It is based on genre theory and the idea that generic structures of texts are determined by the purpose of the text. Six nonfiction genres are identified: recount, report, procedure, explanation, persuasion, and discussion. Like the prompting of dialogue in speech, young writing students benefit from prompting by their instructors in the writing process. Two models are suggested for writing instruction, including the steps: (1) demonstration (teacher modeling); (2) joint activity (collaborative writing); (3) scaffolded activity (supported writing, in one model only); and (4) independent activity (independent writing). Writing frames are also suggested as particularly useful for average writers and those with writing difficulties, and they constitute a basic outline given to students to guide their nonfiction writing. (Contains 18 references.) (EF)
Descriptors: Cohesion (Written Composition), Discourse Modes, Elementary Secondary Education, Writing Instruction, Writing Processes, Writing Strategies
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: International Reading Association, Newark, DE.