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ERIC Number: ED444097
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Substance Use Education Programs: Gender Differences in Student Substance Use.
Venuti, John Paul; Conroy, Matthew; Landis, Pamela; Chambliss, Catherine
This study assesses the differential substance use between male and female college students through the administration of a survey of recent use of six commonly used psychoactive substances (cigarettes, chewing tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, and caffeine). It investigates the situational contexts associated with use of particular substances as well as the motivating factors prompting different types of substance use. The survey also explores the relationships between substance use and participation in college Greek organizations and athletics. It considers self-esteem deficits because of their association with underlying substance abuse problems. Students (males=69, females=126) attending college in suburban Northeastern United States completed the survey. Few significant differences emerged between men and women on the substance use measures. In considering the reasons why young adults use psychoactive substances, findings support the notion that men and women differ on the majority of items related to situational contexts in which substance use was likely. Failure to find any significant differences in substance use as a function of fraternity/sorority membership, athletic participation, or self esteem challenges several common stereotypes. The paper suggests that replication of this study with a larger, more representative sample would provide a better assessment of the generalizability of the findings. (Contains 16 references.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A