ERIC Number: ED444073
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-May
The Relationship between Attachment Status and Personality Disorders.
Hopper, Melissa T.
This research paper provides information that would be useful to practicing counselors and counselors in training. It reviews the relevant research pertaining to the relationship between attachment status and personality disorders. It also critiques methodological issues, including major assessment instruments and frequently used research designs. Discussion begins with an overview of the relationship between attachment status and general psychopathology and progresses to personality disorders. Several specific disorders and their correlations to specific attachment disorders are discussed, including Borderline, Schizoid, Avoidant, and Dependent Personality Disorders. Implications for further research and treatment are discussed. Of particular interest is a 1988 study that found that attachment status not only affects the individuals themselves, but also those in relationships with them. Parents who were described as having avoidant attachment tended to be the parents of insecure-avoidant children. Likewise, parents described as having a preoccupied attachment and who had often idealized their relationships with their own parents frequently had children categorized as insecure-ambivalent. A final group of parents who had experienced the death of an attachment figure in childhood and had not successfully resolved that loss had infants described as insecure-disorganized/disoriented. (Contains 36 references.) (MKA)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral Research Paper, Biola University.