ERIC Number: ED444027
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Rising Wage Inequality: The 1980s Experience in Urban Labor Markets.
The rising wage inequality in U.S. urban labor markets during the 1980s was examined in a study of 20 metropolitan area labor markets. The study's perspective differs from the prevailing perspective on the problem in three ways: (1) it focuses on changes in the wage structure in a sample of local labor markets; (2) it examines changes in the structure of wages paid for specific jobs; and (3) it focuses on jobs and skills required as the primary determinants of wages. The identified changes in local wage structures over time were generally similar to those found in earlier studies of national data. Changes in benefit coverage were not as extensive as changes in wage rates and appeared closely related to union contract coverage. Returns on skills had generally increased; however, the results varied considerably for training, job level, cognitive skills, and machine-related skills. Both between and within occupational groups, changes in wage inequality appeared closely related to the role of labor market forces, union contract coverage, and the real minimum wage. (Appended are the following: list of data sources and definitions of the study metropolitan areas; wage distribution data; and unemployment rates. Thirty-one tables/figures are included. The bibliography contains 111 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Blue Collar Occupations, Clerical Occupations, Comparative Analysis, Compensation (Remuneration), Definitions, Differences, Economic Climate, Education Work Relationship, Employed Women, Employment Patterns, Employment Qualifications, Fringe Benefits, Geographic Regions, Health Insurance, Human Capital, Information Sources, Job Skills, Labor Market, Literature Reviews, Minimum Wage, Models, Office Occupations, Professional Occupations, Public Policy, Regional Characteristics, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Differences, Skilled Occupations, Tables (Data), Technical Occupations, Technological Advancement, Trend Analysis, Unemployment, Unions, Urban Areas, Vocational Education, Wages, White Collar Occupations
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007, Tel: 616-343-4330, Fax: 616-343-7310, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (ISBN-0-88099-208-5 (cloth) $33; ISBN-0-88099-207-7 (paper) $14). For full text: http://www.upjohninst.org/publications/ntr.html#wage.
Publication Type: Books; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.
Authoring Institution: N/A