ERIC Number: ED443950
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Los Angeles Jobs-First GAIN Evaluation: Final Report on a Work First Program in a Major Urban Center.
Freedman, Stephen; Knab, Jean Tansey; Gennetian, Lisa A.; Navarro, David
A large-scale evaluation was conducted of Jobs-First GAIN, a strongly employment-focused mandatory welfare-to-work program. Its main features were an unusually intensive program orientation; high quality job clubs; job development activities; strong encouragement to take entry-level jobs and combine work and welfare in the short-term; and relatively tough, enforcement-oriented case management. The research sample included 15,683 single parents and 5,048 members of 2-parent families. The net cost of Jobs-First GAIN was relatively low. These impacts for single parents were identified: Jobs-First GAIN led to substantial two-year increases in employment and earnings; modest reductions in welfare and Food Stamp receipts and large reductions in welfare and Food Stamp payments were produced; a small net increase in total income in year 2 was produced; use of child care increased, as did the incidence of child care problems that affected employment; the child outcomes examined showed no systematic effects; larger employment and earnings gains were achieved than with the county's previous, basic-education-focused program; many different types of welfare recipients were benefited; and costs were more than offset by savings in welfare payments and other types of assistance. Impacts for two-parent families were somewhat larger than for single-parent families. Two-year earnings gains increased for both men and women in two-parent families, with the average gain for men being nearly twice as large as women's. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Cost Effectiveness, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Entry Workers, Income, Job Search Methods, Low Income, Poverty Programs, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, State Programs, Welfare Recipients
For full text in html format: http://www.mdrc.org/Reports2000/LA-GAIN/LA-GAINExecSum.htm. For full report in pdf format: http://www.mdrc.org/Reports2000/LA-GAIN/LA-GAIN-FullReport. pdf
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Los Angeles County Dept. of Public Social Services, CA.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: California