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ERIC Number: ED443950
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Pages: 295
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Los Angeles Jobs-First GAIN Evaluation: Final Report on a Work First Program in a Major Urban Center.
Freedman, Stephen; Knab, Jean Tansey; Gennetian, Lisa A.; Navarro, David
A large-scale evaluation was conducted of Jobs-First GAIN, a strongly employment-focused mandatory welfare-to-work program. Its main features were an unusually intensive program orientation; high quality job clubs; job development activities; strong encouragement to take entry-level jobs and combine work and welfare in the short-term; and relatively tough, enforcement-oriented case management. The research sample included 15,683 single parents and 5,048 members of 2-parent families. The net cost of Jobs-First GAIN was relatively low. These impacts for single parents were identified: Jobs-First GAIN led to substantial two-year increases in employment and earnings; modest reductions in welfare and Food Stamp receipts and large reductions in welfare and Food Stamp payments were produced; a small net increase in total income in year 2 was produced; use of child care increased, as did the incidence of child care problems that affected employment; the child outcomes examined showed no systematic effects; larger employment and earnings gains were achieved than with the county's previous, basic-education-focused program; many different types of welfare recipients were benefited; and costs were more than offset by savings in welfare payments and other types of assistance. Impacts for two-parent families were somewhat larger than for single-parent families. Two-year earnings gains increased for both men and women in two-parent families, with the average gain for men being nearly twice as large as women's. (YLB)
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Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Los Angeles County Dept. of Public Social Services, CA.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: California