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ERIC Number: ED443873
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Research To Inform Policy: An Investigation of Pupil Proficiency Testing Requirements and State Education Reform Initiatives.
Cizek, Gregory J.; Trent, E. Roger; Crandell, Jan; Hirsch, Thomas; Keene, John
To investigate the potential effects of the "Fourth Grade Reading Guarantee," an Ohio policy that mandates that students will not be promoted to grade 5 unless they reach a given score on the Ohio Proficiency Test (OPT) in reading at grade 4, a series of studies was performed in the 1998-1999 and 1999-2000 school years. The extent of agreement among educators' judgments regarding students' academic preparation for work in the fifth grade, the relationships between these judgments and OPT scores, and the relationships between educators' judgments and policies intended to enhance educational quality were studied. Surveys in spring 1999 completed by teachers and principals yielded information on 6,065 (useable records), and 5,611 student records were obtained for the following school year, early fifth grade for these students. Teachers and principals tended to demonstrate a high degree of agreement about whether students were sufficiently prepared to enter fourth grade, but the operational definitions of adequate preparation differed in different school districts. Districts in which students generally perform less well had lower conceptualizations of competence. Educators' judgments were generally in line with students' actual pass/fail rates on the OPT. A fairly substantial discrepancy existed between the proportion of students that educators classified as not reading well enough to be academically successful in fifth grade and the proportion of students retained in grade, with the percentage of students judged underprepared more than 15 times greater than the percentage of students actually retained. Some areas of further research are outlined. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A