ERIC Number: ED443845
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Word-Processed and Handwritten Essays Written for the Test of English as a Foreign Language.
Manalo, Jonathan R.; Wolfe, Edward W.
Recently, the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) changed by including a direct writing assessment where examinees choose between computer and handwritten composition formats. Unfortunately, examinees may have differential access to and comfort with computers; as a result, scores across these formats may not be comparable. Analysis of TOEFL results for 152,951 examinees reveals that when English language proficiency is controlled, handwriting composition scores are approximately one-third of a standard deviation higher than computer-based composition scores. It is suggested that this is a result of a double translation required to compose essays with word processors. (Contains 2 tables and 12 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language