ERIC Number: ED443653
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Adventure Program Risk Management Report: 1998 Edition. Narratives and Data from 1991-1997.
Leemon, Drew, Ed.; Schimelpfenig, Tod, Ed.; Gray, Sky, Ed.; Tarter, Shana, Ed.; Williamson, Jed, Ed.
The Wilderness Risk Managers Committee (WRMC), a consortium of outdoor schools and organizations, works toward better understanding and management of risks in the wilderness. Among other activities, the WRMC gathers data on incidents and accidents from member organizations and other wilderness-based programs. This book compiles incident data for 1991-97, but most incidents occurred in 1995-97. Section 1 defines terms and provides a theoretical foundation for understanding how accidents happen. "Teaching Safety Awareness" (Tod Schimelpfenig) distinguishes among accident causes and recommends looking at every actual or potential incident as a combination of human and environmental factors. Hazards are listed in the categories of the supervisor, the executive, support staff, governance bodies, client/student admissions, equipment, and educational practices. Section 2 presents database profiles of total hours spent in each program activity, numbers of injuries and illnesses, primary causes of injuries, and injury rates by activity. Section 3 contains narratives of near-miss incidents, or close calls, where safety was compromised but no injury occurred. Narratives include cause, contributing cause, activity, incident description, program analysis, and additional WRMC analysis, and are arranged by activity: camping, cooking, animals and insects, climbing, backpacking and hiking, snow, canoeing, ropes courses, initiative games, transportation and vehicles, illnesses, and participant behavior. Section 4 discusses the need for more consistent data collection and better quality of reporting. An appendix describes the incident reporting project and how to report an incident. Reporting forms are included. (SV)
Descriptors: Accident Prevention, Accidents, Adventure Education, Data Collection, Databases, Etiology, Injuries, Outdoor Activities, Risk Management, Safety, Wilderness
Association for Experiential Education, 2305 Canyon Boulevard, Suite 100, Boulder, CO 80302-5651; Tel: 303-440-8844 (members $16.00, nonmembers $18.00).
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for Experiential Education, Boulder, CO.; National Outdoor Leadership School, Lander, WY.