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ERIC Number: ED443637
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Nov
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Managing Field Evacuations.
Satz, Jay A.; McEvoy, David; Merrill, Kurt
In the event of a debilitating injury or illness, outdoor leaders should consider four critical phases in successfully managing backcountry field evaluations. The first phase, managing the immediate scene, involves assuring scene safety, medical care of the patient, instituting the emergency response plan, and providing for the needs of uninjured group members. Outdoor leaders must put aside distracting emotions and concerns, such as pity, fear, guilt, and the potential for professional and legal consequences, and focus on the task at hand. The next phase is consideration of the evacuation spectrum, from no evacuation to litter-carry or outside intervention such as a helicopter evacuation. Eight evacuation criteria assist in the decision, but the basic rule is: when in doubt, get the patient out. Continual reassessment of the weather, the group members' condition, and the patient's condition is necessary. The phase of transferring the patient to professional rescuers involves accurately communicating what happened and the leader's expectations to the rescuers, dealing with emotions surrounding separation of the patient from the group, and providing support to the patient after evacuation. The final phase is managing stress in the leader, the group, and the patient during the incident and upon conclusion of the evacuation. Leaders and group members should participate in Critical Incident Stress Debriefing, even if the outcome of the incident was successful. (TD)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A