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ERIC Number: ED443632
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Nov
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Effective Teaching Techniques for Outdoor Education.
Cederquist, John
This paper lists 86 specific teaching methods for outdoor educators in the areas of content, technique, and group management. The methods were gleaned from a 30-day river instructor course conducted by the National Outdoor Leadership School. Relevant content is the heart of learning. Careful selection and coverage of topics during a course will create backcountry users who are safer, more knowledgeable, and more responsible. In the area of content, 13 teaching techniques are listed, related to prioritization of content, use of central themes, promotion of physical activity, sequencing of content, breakdown of complex content into sections, development of planned curriculum, and other basic techniques. Nine additional techniques for a deeper content agenda and five issues concerning instructor attitude toward content are also given. The second broad area of effective outdoor education is teaching method. Varied presentation techniques are the means through which course content reaches students in meaningful ways. Fifteen techniques are listed in this area, including the use of appropriate humor, brevity, peer teaching, challenge, active learning, discussion, and others. Six additional techniques are listed for developing thinking skills, seven for creating a deeper agenda, and three for optimizing instructor attitude. The last broad area of effective practice relates to group management. Situation-specific group management facilitates an optimum environment in which basic student needs are met and progression to higher levels of learning is encouraged. In the area of group management, 28 techniques are listed for subcategories of student safety, student comfort, student attention, suggestions for early and late in the course, a deeper agenda, and instructor attitude. A few examples of innovative techniques demonstrated at the course are given. (TD)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A