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ERIC Number: ED443630
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Nov
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Common Adventure Model of Outdoor Programming: Philosophical Foundations, Definition and the Effect of Filtering.
Watters, Ron
This paper examines the philosophical foundation of common adventure and proposes a definition and practical model of the concept. Sixteen values are listed that provide the philosophical foundation of common adventure. Based on this foundation, a possible definition of common adventure would be two or more individuals working cooperatively on an adventure trip toward common goals and sharing expenses, decision making, and responsibilities as equitably as possible. This model is flexible, but three defining boundaries are the participatory nature, absence of continuous autocratic leadership, and absence of monetary benefits to a group or individual. "Filter" describes the process by which models are changed by outside influence. The legal filter has created the most restrictive applications associated with common adventure, especially for institutional programs. The educational filter is the next most influential. The need to provide training and a full range of activities has to be balanced against the voluntary spirit of the model. Other filters at work are administrative, land management, and legacy. The need for common adventure arises from the increasing commercialization of the outdoor field. A series of questions about trip initiators, organizational involvement, handling of expenses, leadership, and participation clarifies aspects of the common adventure model. (Contains 16 references.) (TD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A