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ERIC Number: ED443578
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Using Computers To Facilitate Social Problem Solving in Head Start Classrooms.
Medvin, Mandy B.; Spargo, Betsy; Falcocchio, Angela
As an increasing number of Head Start classrooms are including computers as part of their classroom equipment, it is important to identify the impact of using computers on children's behavior. Noting that previous studies have reported conflicting findings with regard to children's cooperative behavior, this study explored the impact of an intervention designed to increase children's cooperation and social problem solving when working on computers in a Head Start classroom. Seventeen children were encouraged by an adult facilitator to help each other and to share the mouse across three classroom sessions. Sessions were videotaped, videotapes were transcribed, and teacher and child behaviors were coded. Findings indicated that the frequency of child requests for help was high and decreased across sessions, while self-initiated helping increased. Refusals of help also decreased over time. Sharing behaviors, however, remained similar over time. On average, 60 percent of the time children either requested a turn or negotiated over turntaking, 26 percent of the time involved sharing, and 14 percent involved refusals to share. The facilitator used more utterances in regard to sharing (82 percent) than helping (18 percent). The facilitator intervention decreased over time, though more for helping than for sharing. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A