ERIC Number: ED443461
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Martorana's Legacy: Research on State Systems of Community Colleges.
Tollefson, Terrence A.
This paper describes a few of the more important national characteristics of community colleges and state community college systems, the latter in three "snapshots" taken at different times in the 20th century. This paper is divided into the following topics of discussion: state coordination and governance structures, mission evolution, and state funding and state control. This paper begins the historical narrative of the community college system national "movement" with a discussion of S. V. Martorana's 1963 first national study of state systems of community colleges. By the late 1990s, five models of state-level coordination/governance had emerged: State Board of Education, State Higher Education Board or Commission, Statewide Community College Coordinating Board, State Community College Governing Board, and State Board of Regents. In the past decade, economic and workforce development have emerged as high-priority community college functions that rival college-transfer and vocation-technical commission components in importance in many states. Today, in terms of actual decision making, "local autonomy is alive and well...in state community college systems." Included at the end of this paper is a table of changes in state-level coordinating structures for public junior and community colleges from 1963-1999. (Contains 28 references.) (VWC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: East Tennessee State Univ., Johnson City.