ERIC Number: ED443349
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Graduate Employment: A Review of Issues. A Report to the HEFCE by the Centre for Higher Education Research and Information, Open University.
Open Univ., London (England). Centre for Higher Education Research and Information.
This report examines what is currently known about the employment of college graduates in the United Kingdom (U.K.). The first two sections offer an historical and comparative overview of the issue and a discussion of the methodology. A third section examines and discusses findings from the literature on employer needs and wants. This is followed by an examination of graduates' experiences in the labor market. A concluding section examines the concept of "employability" and considers how it can best be measured. The study finds that, while employers want graduates who are flexible and adaptable, with good communication and general skills, what they get are graduates with good cognitive skills and knowledge. Comparisons with other European countries suggest that in the U.K. institution matters more (low level of vertical substitution) and subject studied matters less (high level of horizontal substitution). The study found little graduate unemployment and average earnings that were higher than those of nongraduates. A majority of graduates find their degree studies useful in their work, although this work may not always be considered "graduate level" employment. In examining the validity of employability indicators, the report sees a need for these measures to be multidimensional and able to distinguish between factors relevant to obtaining a job and those relevant to preparation for work. (Contains 38 references.)
Descriptors: College Graduates, Comparative Analysis, Education Work Relationship, Educational Benefits, Educational Status Comparison, Employers, Employment Opportunities, Employment Potential, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Job Applicants, Job Satisfaction, Job Skills, Labor Market, Relevance (Education)
Higher Education Funding Council for England Publications, Northavon House, Coldharbour Lane, Bristol BS16 1QD, England (5 British pounds). Tel: 0117-931-7123; Fax: 0117-931-7463.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Higher Education Funding Council for England, Bristol.
Authoring Institution: Open Univ., London (England). Centre for Higher Education Research and Information.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom