ERIC Number: ED443244
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Aug-28
Reference Count: N/A
Applying Positive Behavioral Support and Functional Behavioral Assessment in Schools. Technical Assistance Guide 1, Version 1.4.3.
Sugai, George; Horner, Robert H.; Dunlap, Glen; Hieneman, Meme; Lewis, Timothy J.; Nelson, C. Michael; Scott, Terrance; Liaupsin, Carl; Sailor, Wayne; Turnbull, Ann P.; Turnbull, H. Rutherford, III; Wickham, Donna; Ruef, Michael; Wilcox, Brennan
This paper discusses how educators can apply positive behavioral support (PBS) to students with and without disabilities and conduct functional behavioral assessments (FBAs). It begins by describing the challenges that educators face in educating an increasingly heterogeneous population of students, including students with external and internal problem behaviors. The paper next discusses the definitions and features of PBS in schools and the contributions of behavioral science, practical interventions, social values, and a systems perspective. The four change elements that characterize PBS are described and include change of systems, change of environments, change of student and adult behaviors, and change in appreciation of appropriate behavior. The second section provides an overview of FBAs, including definitions, outcomes and defining features. Steps of the FBA and behavior support planning process are described and include: (1) collect information regarding conditions under which problem behavior is and is not observed and more appropriate behavior is required; (2) develop testable hypotheses; (3) collect direct observation information; (4) design behavior support plans; (5) develop implementation scripts; and (6) collect information effectiveness and efficiency of behavior support plan and redesign based on evaluation information. (Contains 100 references.) (CR)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Disorders, Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems, Change Strategies, Data Collection, Educational Environment, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Individualized Education Programs, Positive Reinforcement, Program Implementation, Student Evaluation
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.; Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (ED), Washington, DC. Safe and Drug Free Schools Program.
Authoring Institution: Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions and Support (OSEP), Washington, DC.