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ERIC Number: ED443207
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-May-26
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Generalization of Social Skills: Strategies and Results of a Training Program in Problem Solving Skills.
Paraschiv, Irina; Olley, J. Gregory
This paper describes the "Problem Solving for Life" training program which trains adolescents and adults with mental retardation in skills for solving social problems. The program requires group participants to solve social problems by practicing two prerequisite skills (relaxation and positive self-statements) and four problem solving steps: (1) identification/definition of the problem; (2) identification of alternative solutions; (3) choice of the best solution; and (4) implementation of the chosen solution. Key principles underlying the program are group learning, active learning, use of natural reinforcers, repetition, relaxation, role playing, identifying emotions, visual prompts, individualized instruction, and group rules. The program also stresses transfer and maintenance of learned skills through such procedures as overlearning, stimulus variability, delayed reinforcement, fading prompts, and mediated generalization. Evaluation using verbal and role-playing measures found gains in self-knowledge, assertiveness, self-advocacy, problem solving, decision making, responsibility, determining what is important, evaluating outcomes, adjusting performance, communicating and listening, and internal locus of control. (Contains 12 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A