ERIC Number: ED443099
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Wait for Me! Reader Control of Narration Rate in Talking Books.
Reading while listening (RWL) is an instructional technique in which children associate unfamiliar written words with their corresponding familiar sounds. In RWL children listen to a text (often a "talking book" on audiotape or computer software) while following along in a printed version. A study examined the effect of RWL, with reader control over narration rate in comparison to standard RWL, testing for reading comprehension, speed, and accuracy at both text and word levels. The research hypothesized that: children will perform better on test measures when they control the narration rate; because poor readers read more slowly and find standard RWL harder to follow, they will profit more from control of narration rate than more able peers; and when asked, children will indicate that when they controlled the rate, reading was easier and more enjoyable than in standard RWL. Participants were 71 children from two first-grade classes in Israel. Results confirmed the hypothesis that having a choice of narration rate is more effective than standard RWL for students in the initial stages of learning to read. Results indicate that, overall, control over narration rate yields improvements in reading comprehension and text-level reading accuracy. Results regarding word-list accuracy reached significance only for the poor readers. There were no significant results regarding reading speed. The positive effect on children's performance under the control-over-rate condition was confirmed with high significance. (Contains a figure, 4 tables, and 22 references. Attached is a story sample and an example of a comprehension test.) (NKA)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Grade 1, Instructional Effectiveness, Primary Education, Reading Comprehension, Reading Improvement, Reading Research, Reading Strategies, Talking Books
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Reading Association, Newark, DE.
Identifiers - Location: Israel