ERIC Number: ED443087
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
The Role of Sentence Context in the Resolution of the Word "to" during Reading.
Kennison, Shelia M.
In English, the word 'to' functions as a preposition (e.g., 'to the store') and also as part of an infinitive (e.g., 'to go'). Two experiments investigated how the word 'to' is resolved by fluent undergraduate student readers. Readers comprehended sentences that contained the word 'to' preceded by sentence context that either did or did not disambiguate the role of the word 'to' in the sentence. The word 'to' was followed by sentence context that disambiguated the word 'to' as a preposition or as part of an infinitive. Processing load was assessed immediately after ambiguous word 'to' was read (Experiment 1) and immediately after the disambiguating word was read (Experiment 2) using a uni-modal, dual task reading technique used previously by Clifton, Frazier, and Connine (1985). The results indicated that the resolution of the word 'to' is influenced by following, but not prior, sentence context. (Contains 19 references and a table of data. An appendix lists sentences used in the study.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A