ERIC Number: ED443068
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-May
The Efficacy of Short- and Long-Term Therapy in the Treatment of Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Review of the Literature.
Aoto-Sullivan, Stacey Y.
This paper presents a review of the short- and long-term treatments for children who have been sexually abused. Short-term group therapy, long-term group therapy, short-term individual, and long-term individual therapy were each evaluated in terms of efficacy in alleviating symptoms associated with sexual abuse. The paper also evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of the studies. The review of the literature indicates that short-term group therapy was effective in reducing symptoms in children who have been sexually abused. Studies of long-term group therapy indicated conflicting evidence as to its efficacy in alleviating symptoms. Strong evidence was found to suggest that short-term individual cognitive therapy in addition to parallel parental treatment produced a decrease in symptoms in sexually abused children. Future research is need in the area of long-term treatment to determine which symptoms are amenable to long-term treatment, whether early intervention prevents or suppresses symptoms, and to further understand the benefits of short-term treatment and how it differs in its effect from long-term treatment. Further studies of asymptomatic children may shed light on questions of the sleeper effects, resiliency in children, and differences in the type of abuse on children's symptom profiles. (Contains 94 references.) (Author/JDM)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral research paper, Biola University, La Mirada, CA.