ERIC Number: ED443065
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000
Acting Out and Lighting Up: Understanding the Links among School Misbehavior, Academic Achievement, and Cigarette Use. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 46.
Bryant, Alison L.; Schulenberg, John; Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.
Relations among academic achievement, school bonding, school misbehavior, and cigarette use from eighth to twelfth grade were examined in two national and panel samples of youth from the Monitoring the Future project (N=3,056). A series of competing conceptual models developed a priori was tested using structural equation modeling (SEM). The findings suggest that during middle adolescence the predominant direction of influence is from school experiences to cigarette use. School misbehavior and low academic achievement contribute to increased cigarette use over time both directly and indirectly. Two-group SEM analyses involving two cohorts--gender and ethnicity--revealed that the findings are robust. In addition, comparisons between high school dropouts and non-dropouts and between eighth-grade cigarette use initiators and nonusers revealed few differences in direction or magnitude of effects. Results suggest that prevention programs that attempt to reduce school misbehavior and academic failure, as well as to help students who misbehave and have difficulty in school constructively avoid negative school and health related outcomes, are likely to be effective in reducing adolescent cigarette use. (Contains 5 tables, 2 figures, and 78 references.) (Author/MKA)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Behavior Problems, Cultural Differences, Dropouts, Educational Experience, Models, Parent Influence, Parents, Peer Influence, Secondary Education, Sex Differences, Smoking, Student Behavior
Monitoring the Future, Inst. for Social Research, Univ. of Michigan, P.O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.