ERIC Number: ED443046
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Predicting Improvement among University Counseling Center Clients.
Lichtenberg, James W.; Hummel, Thomas J.
The fundamental question to which most clients want and deserve an answer is, "Am I going to get better (as a result of counseling)?" Although meta-analyses provide strong evidence supporting the efficacy of counseling in general, if one wants to make probabilistic statements about individual client outcomes--rather than about the more generalized outcome of counseling--a different approach is needed. Using clients' intake (pre-counseling) and post-counseling ratings of common problems derived from a multi-center database, a stepwise logistic regression analysis was used to predict client improvement (or lack thereof) using a variety of intake measures and demographic markers--information that a counselor meeting a client for the first time would have available for deriving an outcome prediction. Results suggest that the greater a client's presenting symptom and interpersonal distress, the more likely the client is contemplating and is ready for change. If the client had not previously been in counseling, there is a greater likelihood that the client would improve or benefit from counseling. (Contains 5 tables, 3 graphs, and 19 references.) (Author/MKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 24-28, 2000).