ERIC Number: ED443004
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Mar
Sorry...You Aren't Qualified: Students' Perceptions of Job Candidates as a Function of Name Race.
Brownlow, Sheila; Cicuto, Carrie R.; White, Jon S.; Lomax, Chevella D.; MacKinnon, Robert D.
In order to examine whether name cues to race influenced job-hiring decisions and judgments about job candidates, 72 white participants read a mock resume for a fictitious job applicant. In all cases, the resume contained the same background information about the candidate; however, one resume listed an applicant with a name previously judged to belong to a white person ("Glenn Andrew"); one had a name seen as indicative of an African American person ("Earl Tyrone"); and one included no name information. Participants evaluated the resume and candidate under the supervision of either a black or a white experimenter. The results revealed evidence of bias against candidates. Under a black experimenter, white participants judged the African-American candidate as less honest, gave him a lower starting salary, and were less likely to hire him compared to the white candidate. However, people thought that candidates were more competent and conscientious when the experimenter was African-American, although all acknowledged that the African-American-named candidate had less future potential than did the white-named candidate. The results are discussed within a framework that suggests that cues to race must be made salient in order for (most) white people to act in a prejudicial manner. A cue for careful, egalitarian behavior (an African experimenter) apparently did not cause an "overcompensation" effect whereby participants attempted to be overtly non-racist by providing more positive evaluations of the candidate they thought was African-American. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (44th, Mobile, AL, March 26-29, 1998).