ERIC Number: ED442962
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Demand-Side Financing--A Focus on Vouchers in Post-Compulsory Education and Training: Discussion Paper and Case Studies. CEDEFOP Dossier.
West, Anne; Sparkes, Jo; Balabanov, Todor
The use of demand-side financing mechanisms and vouchers for postcompulsory secondary-level education was examined through case studies of funding practices in the following countries: Austria; France; the United Kingdom; the United States; and Wallonia (the French community of Belgium). Different models of voucher use were identified in the countries studied. "Pure" vouchers with a paper coupon were found in a minority of cases (in parts of France and England/Wales). In Austria, training accounts co-fund various types of adult learning by providing funding in arrears rather than in advance of training undertaken, which eliminates the purchasing power apparent with vouchers and quasi-vouchers. The aims and targets of the various voucher and quasi-voucher schemes varied considerably. In the United Kingdom, trainees with special needs received vouchers with higher face values (to avoid the "cream skimming" that may be encouraged by flat-rate vouchers). Voucher and voucher-like schemes were found to have considerable potential to promote lifelong learning and to increase investment in training. The case studies further established that voucher and voucher-like schemes are highly flexible mechanisms that can be designed differently to meet a diverse range of economic, social, and political objectives, depending on policymakers' objectives and priorities. (Contains 54 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Programs, Comparative Analysis, Definitions, Educational Demand, Educational Economics, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Educational Vouchers, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Job Training, Literature Reviews, Models, Pilot Projects, Postsecondary Education, Public Education, Public Policy, School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Special Needs Students, Vocational Education, Youth Programs
CEDEFOP, P.O. Box 22427, GR 55102, Thessaloniki, Greece, Fax: 30 31 49 01 02, E-mail: email@example.com, Web site: http://www.cedefop.eu.int/publications.asp (6003 EN). For full text: http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/publication/download/panor ama/6003_en.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).
Identifiers - Location: European Union; United States