ERIC Number: ED442916
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-May-26
Reference Count: N/A
The Peer Effect on Academic Achievement among Public Elementary School Students. A Report of the Heritage Center for Data Analysis.
Johnson, Kirk A.
This report discusses current research findings on the effects of peers and social interaction on academic achievement, then analyzes current national data, comparing results to the existing academic literature. Data from the 1998 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) database on reading were used to test the influences of peer attitudes on academic achievement. The NAEP examines academic achievement in various fields. It is administered to students in 4th, 8th, and 12th grade. Besides providing data on academics, it offers information on student, teacher, and administrator background. This study analyzes six factors: the effect of peers; race and ethnicity; parents' educational attainment; number of reading materials in the home; free or reduced price lunch participation; and gender. Results indicate that the peer effect is a strong influence on academic achievement, particularly in 4th grade. The significance of peer effect wanes by 8th grade. Family background characteristics also have an important influence. Both have effects that are independent from the effects of gender and race/ethnicity. An appendix presents the results of statistical models. (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Interpersonal Relationship, National Competency Tests, Peer Influence, Peer Relationship, Reading Achievement, Student Attitudes
Heritage Foundation, 214 Massachusetts Avenue, N.E., Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 202-546-4400; Web site: http://www.heritage.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Heritage Foundation, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress