ERIC Number: ED442876
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Apr-28
Goal Type, Goal Difficulty, and Affective Values of Goals.
Wicker, Frank W.; McCann, Erin J.; Reed, JoyLynn H.; Turner, Jeannine E.; Hamman, Douglas
Interactions and relationships involving goal attributes and goal types were examined to supplement previous studies of goal types alone. In previous studies, goal attributes such as positive-based incentive values had been found to be higher for intrinsic goals, mastery goals, and more difficult goals. Intrinsic goals and mastery goals were more positive-based than were extrinsic and performance goals unless goals were also perceived as difficult. College students (n=102) completed a booklet in which they rated academic goals in terms of several goal attributes, using a 7-point response scale. In this study, performance-approach goals differed from performance-avoidance goals in several types of incentive value, and contrasts between these two goal types appeared both to be confounded with difficulty level and to interact with it. Results are consistent with goal orientation theories, but also suggest possible elaborations of those theories as new information is obtained about interactions among goal attributes. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 24-28, 2000).