ERIC Number: ED442796
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
At Risk Teachers.
Hammond, Ormond W.; Onikama, Denise L.
This paper examines research on risk factors affecting teachers, noting that teachers encounter daily challenges and stresses in working with today's students. Risk is difficult to define. Consequences of risk can include stress and burnout, absenteeism, and attrition. Research shows that everyday events, even positive ones, cause stress, and chronic and traumatic negative stress can lead to many forms of illness and maladjustment. Leading stressors include student misbehavior and teachers' own characteristics. Symptoms of stress and burnout include anger, anxiety, depression, fatigue, frustration, substance abuse, psychosomatic symptoms, family crises, and reduction in commitment to students. School reform and working conditions can contribute to teacher burnout. Teachers' attendance is influenced by both organizational practices and attendance barriers (transportation, illness, and family responsibilities). Teachers with higher job satisfaction and involvement tend to be absent less frequently. The immediate atmosphere of the school environment is a primary reason for teacher attrition. Many external, employment, and personal factors contribute to teacher attrition. There are some unique patterns of risk factors in Pacific schools that relate to cultural events, environmental factors, family/village social roles, and culturally sanctioned time off. A graphical representation of what research suggests about risk factors is presented. (Contains 22 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Cultural Influences, Elementary Secondary Education, Employee Absenteeism, Faculty Mobility, Foreign Countries, Job Satisfaction, Teacher Attendance, Teacher Burnout, Teacher Characteristics, Teachers, Teaching Conditions
Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 500, Honolulu, HI 96813-4321.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, Honolulu, HI.