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ERIC Number: ED442722
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Black Parent-Teacher Associations and the Origins of the National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers, 1896-1926.
Woyshner, Christine
In her address to the National Congress of Mothers' first meeting in 1897, writer, clubwoman, and abolitionist Frances Watkins Harper appealed to the elite white organizers to support black education. The Congress of Mothers (later the Parent Teachers Association or PTA) became a national organization overnight and by 1930 had nearly one million members. Black women who were interested in education, social reform, and self help founded clubs since the early national period. In the late 19th century these clubs coalesced to form the National Association of Colored Women (NACW). This paper focuses on the history of African Americans' educational efforts through mothers' clubs and parent-teacher groups in the U.S. South from the late 1890s, when the NACW and PTA were founded, to the organization of the National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers (NCCPT) in the late 1920s. The paper examines efforts undertaken in the segregated schools of the South and reveals how black parent-teacher groups and women's clubs supported education and worked with national associations to secure educational goals. It argues that black PTAs, unlike their white counterparts, were central to the establishment of a school system for African Americans in the South and were unified by a political agenda to promote integrated schools and interracial cooperation. The paper notes that parent-teacher groups in black and white schools had different attitudes in black schools. No distinction was made between parents and teachers. The focus was on the work to be done, while in white schools the focus was on cooperation between constituencies. (Contains a table and 106 notes.) (BT)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A